NO. I..

    SINCE the first settlement of Montana, vague stories have been floating about, in regard to the wonders of the country surrounding Lake Yellowstone.  Trappers and half-breeds have dilated, in glowing terms, of impassable cañons, water-fallsthousands of feet in height, and "steamboat springs" of remarkable magnitude.  Heretofore, these reports have been generally believed to be gross exaggerations.  They, however, led to the formation of a party last summer, resolved upon as thorough an examination of that section of country as their leisure time would admit
    The expedition left Helena, Montana, August 17th, 1870.  General Washburn, Surveyor-General of Montana, was elected Captain.  The remaining members of the expedition were: S. T. Hauser, President of the First National Bank of Helena; N. P. Langford, late U. S. Collector of Internal Revenue; T. C. Everts, late U. S. Assessor; Messrs. Hedges, Gillette, Smith, Stickney, and Trumbull, all of Helena; two packers, and two unbleached citizens of African descent.  Each member of the party was mounted on horseback, and there were twelve pack animals.
    By order of General Hancock, we were provided with an escort; and at Fort Ellis we were joined by Lieutenant Doane, of the Second Cavalry, with a squad of soldiers, well mounted, and armed with needle carbines and revolvers.  We citizens carried an assorted armory, consisting of Henry, Ballard, and Spencer rifles, revolvers and bowie-knives.  We intended to hunt for all sorts of large game, Indians only excepted.  No one desired to find any of them.
    On Monday morning, August 22d, our party bade adieu, for a time, to civilization; and leaving Fort Ellis; turned our faces toward the almost unexplored wilderness.  The weather was fine; the air invigorating; all were cheerful, and each face betrayed that curiosity and expectation, which almost every one feels when entering upon a new field of adventure.  Our course lay to the east, over Bozeman Pass; which will necessarily be the route of the Northern Pacific Railroad, if it goes anywhere in that vicinity.
    Having passed over the divide, the party camped on Trail Creek, a small stream flowing into the Yellowstone.  At this place a night-watch was established; which was maintained throughout the entire trip, in order to keep the Indians from breaking the Eighth Commandment.
    The following day we reached the Yellowstone, and camped at Botteller's, which is a rancho, as you as- Go to next page

1 The article has two parts.  The first part (NO. 1) is in The Overland Monthly, 5, 5-6 (May-June 1871): 431-437; part two (NO. 2) is on pp. 489-496.

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